NATURAL AREA OF THE SERRA DE TRAMUNTANA, ISLAND OF MALLORCA
When one reaches the Serra de Tramuntana, its beautiful landscape instantly make you feel an immense sense of well-being. The contrast between the sea and mountain range is exposed, like nowhere else along the Mediterranean coast.
THE UNIQUENESS OF THE TRAMUNTANA:
In 2011, the UNESCO recognized the Serra de Tramuntana as World Heritage in the category of Cultural Landscape
This declaration was deserved for its symbiosis between nature and man. The people who for generations have created rural structures that blend with its natural landscapes, formed by the traditional cultivation terraces, manly harvested with ancient olive trees and built with the pedra en sec technique. These terraces contributed in 2018 to the declaration of the art of Dry Stone, as an Intangible Cultural World Heritage by the UNESCO.
The astonishing contrast between the sea and the Mallorca mountains
The Serra de Tramuntana has one of the most abrupt coastlines in all the Mediterranean. With a total lenght of 90km from the South-West to North-East, there are infinite cliffs that are over 200m high, some even reach 450m of vertiginous vertical limestone rock cliff faces. This coast with its dramatic relief, with its huge overhangs and picturesque bays, and where paradisiacal coves with crystalline waters delight all the visitors!
The biodiversity of the Tramuntana is amazing
The mixed forests of pine trees (Pinus halepensis) and Holm oak trees (Qercus ilex) grow in more than 34% of the area. Here, the black vulture (Aegypius monachus), with the widest wingspan in Europe, has a fixed residence on the only insular colony in the whole world. In the deep karst torrents of the mountain range, lives the small endemic toad from the Balearics, known as the Ferreret (Alytes muletensis) one of the most singular amphibians in Europe. This mountain range preserves 65 of the 97 endemic plants that exist in the Balearic Islands, and 65 of the 68 in total that exist in Mallorca. There are countless examples of biodiversity that the Serra de Tramuntana aprizes in its different ecosystems.
Different contributors that support protection
Luckily this vast territory with more than 1000 square kilometres has many champions that ensure its continuity as Natural Landscape in its whole extension or as Natural Park or Natural Monument in more restricted areas. There are also a number of defined areas managed by the EU through Natura 2000 as the ZEPA and the LIC. Around 93% of this territory belongs to private owners.
The villages of the Tramuntana are the most picturesque in Spain
With their traditional architecture, based in limestone constructions, these villages are fully integrated with the landscape and are picture perfect, such as Fornalutx, Deià, Valldemossa, Estellencs, Banyalbufar or even Sóller.
We are waiting to give you a warm welcome
If you want to see first-hand, all the qualities described above and many others: we are waiting to give you a warm welcome, right here, in the Serra de Tramuntana!