SERRA DE TRAMUNTANA, ISLAND OF MALLORCA
When anyone’s reaches the Serra de Tramuntana, its beautiful landscapes makes you instantly feel an immense sense of well-being.
The contrast in between the sea and the mountain range is revealed here, like in just a few other coasts on the whole Mediterranean.
The main facts that make it worthy of infinite praises from so many celebrities seduced by the magical environment, could be summarized as follows:
In the year 2011, the UNESCO recognizes the Serra de Tramuntana as World Heritage in the category of Cultural Landscape. This statement is given due to the symbiosis in between the man and the nature which creates rural landscapes without visual impact, formed by the traditional cultivation terraces, manly harvested with ancient olive trees and built by the pedra en sec technique. These terraces contributed to the declaration of the art of Dry Stone, as an Intangible Cultural Heritage by the UNESCO in 2018
The amazing contrast between the sea and the Mallorca mountains creates one of the most abrupt coastlines in all the Mediterranean. With a total of 90km of length from South-west to North-East, there are infinites cliffs that are over 200m high, some of them can reach the 450m of amazing vertical walls. This same coast of Wagnerian relief, that forms spectacular limestone rock walls, cut out by huge overhangs and picturesque bays, where paradisiacal coves with crystalline waters are located, delight all the visitors!
The biodiversity of the Tramuntana is amazing. The mixed forests of pine trees (Pinus halepensis) and Holm oak trees (Qercus ilex) grow in more than 34% of the territory. Here, the black vulture (Aegypius monachus), the widest bird in Europe, has its residence fixed on the unique insular colony in the whole world. In the deep karst torrents of the mountain range, lives the small endemic toad from the Balearics, known as the Ferreret (Alytes muletensis) one of the most singular amphibian in Europe. This mountain range preserves 65 of the 97 endemic plants that exist in the Balearic Islands, and 65 of the 68 in total that exist in Mallorca. There are uncountable examples of biodiversity that treasures the Serra de Tramuntana in its different ecosystems. Luckily this vaste territory with more than 1000 squared kilometers has many protection figures that ensure its continuity as Natural Landscape in its whole extension or as Natural Park or Natural Monument in the most restricted areas. There are also uncountable defined areas managed by the EU through Natura 2000 as the ZEPA and the LIC. Anyway, around 93% of this territory belong to private owners.
The villages of the Tramuntana are the most picturesque in Spain. With their traditional architecture, based on limestone constructions, these villages are fully integrated with the landscape and become beautiful postcards, such as Fornalutx, Deià, Valldemossa, Estellencs Banyalbufar or even Sóller.
If you want to know in first person, all these qualities descrived above and many others: we are waiting for you, right here, in the Serra de Tramuntana!